摘要：Heat treatment is an indispensable processing step of seasoned liquid egg. The effects of preheat treatment (60–75 °C) on gel properties of liquid whole egg (LWE) at different NaCl concentrations (0–3%, w/w) were investigated to provide guidance for the production of salty LWE. Results showed that LWE exhibited higher particle size after heating, with coincidental increases in surface hydrophobicity and decreases in protein solubility. While LWE with NaCl added exhibited increase in protein solubility and decrease in particle size of aggregates. Electrophoresis and optical microscopy showed that NaCl would induce the transformation of egg granules from insoluble form to soluble form, inhibiting the aggregation of LWE proteins during preheat treatment, reflected by the reduced particle size. The analysis of gel aggregated force and texture indicated that NaCl addition and preheat treatment can improve gelling properties of LWE synergistically by strengthening the hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bonds.
摘要：To reduce the concentration of heavy metal ions in drinking, natural and wastewater to the established standards, a dynamic membrane with a surface layer of cellulose acetate particles on a nylon substrate was obtained. A dynamic membrane layer was formed from cellulose acetate particles with sizes from 42 to 130 nm. The cellulose acetate content was 14 % by weight, upon receipt from a 10 % solution of cellulose acetate in acetone. After applying a layer of cellulose acetate to the surface of a nylon substrate, a decrease in the specific productivity of the membranes is observed more than 10 times due to the formation of a dynamic layer on the surface and in the pores of the substrate. During the operation of the membrane for 1 hour, there is a decrease in the specific productivity of the membrane by 1.5 times and an increase in the working pressure from 0.35 to 0.41 MPa by 1.2 times. A high selectivity of the dynamic nylon-ACd membrane with respect to iron ions 96%, copper 93% and chromium 93% was established with a specific productivity of 300 dm3/m2h and a pressure of 0.4 MPa. After purification of tap water with a dynamic membrane, the concentration of heavy metal ions does not exceed the MPC for water bodies for drinking water.
摘要：The interactions between natural colloidal organic matter and actinides in solutions are complex and not fully understood. In this work, a crew-cut polystyrene-b-poly(acry1ic acid) (PS-b-PAA) micelle is proposed as a model particle for humic acid (HA) colloid with the aim to better understand the sequestration, aggregation, and mobility of HA colloids in the presence of uranyl ions. The effects of uranyl ions on the structure of PS29k-b-PAA5k micelles in aqueous solution were mainly investigated by synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering. A core–shell model, accounting for the thickness and contrast changes of the PAA corona induced by the adsorption of uranyl, was employed to analyze the scattering data. A combination of transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and zetametry showed a strong affinity of uranyl ions to PAA segments in water at pH 4–5 that resulted in the shrinkage and improved contrast of the PAA corona, as well as colloidal destabilization at a high uranyl concentration.
摘要：Current strategies for the treatment of superficial non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) lesions include topical imoquimod, 5-fluorouracil, and photodynamic therapy. Although these treatments are effective, burning pain, blistering, and dermatitis have been reported as frequent side effects, making these therapies far from ideal. Plasmonic materials have been investigated for the induction of hyperthermia and use in cancer treatment. In this sense, the effectiveness of intratumorally and systemically injected gold nanorods (GnRs) in inducing cancer cell death upon near-infrared light irradiation has been confirmed. However, the in vivo long-term toxicity of these particles has not yet been fully documented. In the present manuscript, GnRs were included in a crosslinked polymeric film, evaluating their mechanical, swelling, and adhesion properties; moreover, their ability to heat up neonatal porcine skin (such as a skin model) upon irradiation was tested. Inclusion of GnRs into the films did not affect mechanical or swelling properties. GnRs were not released after film swelling, as they remained entrapped in the polymeric network; moreover, films did not adhere to porcine skin, altogether showing the enhanced biocompatibility of the material. GnR-loaded films were able to heat up the skin model over 40 °C, confirming the potential of this system for non-invasive local hyperthermia applications
摘要：Intentional or accidental release of copper nanoparticles (Cu-NPs) from consumer products during manufacturing, use, and end-of-life management could pose health and ecological risks. This paper presents a detailed study on the role of water chemistry on the fate of uncoated and carbon-coated Cu-NPs dispersed in aqueous cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant in the presence and absence of humic acids (HAs). A range of water chemistry and HAs had minimum impact on hydrodynamic diameter and zeta-potential values of uncoated and carbon-coated Cu-NPs. The water pH significantly (p < 0.001) affected the aggregation of uncoated Cu-NPs unlike that of carbon-coated Cu-NPs; however, the presence of HAs increased the stability of uncoated Cu-NPs. Although CTAB is considered as an efficient dispersant to stabilize Cu-NPs, the effect descended with time for uncoated Cu-NPs. The dissolution of Cu over time decreased with increasing pH for both uncoated (0.5–50% weight) and carbon-coated (0.5–40% weight) Cu-NPs. However, carbon-coated Cu-NPs exhibited significant dissolution (p < 0.001) at neutral pH than uncoated Cu-NPs may be due to the additional carbon it acquired during coating. Increasing HAs concentration from 0 to 15 mg L−1 at pH 5.5 inhibited aggregations but enhanced dissolution of the uncoated and carbon-coated Cu-NPs. These findings inform risk analysis of Cu-NPs including how Cu-NPs fate, mobility and bioavailability are modulated by particles coating and dispersant, HAs presence, water chemistry and exposure time in dispersion media.